If the brand name has the TM symbol as a suffix, this means that the trademark is not registered. You can use only the TM symbol, even if you have started the process of registering your trademark, not the ® sign. The trademark symbol sends a signal to potential infringers that you are claiming the right to a trademark. If someone infringes a trademark, the remedy is not a legal remedy prescribed by law, this is a common law remedy.

The symbol ® means that the trademark is registered (the registration process is completed). Once your trademark registration has been approved by the appropriate authority and published in the Trademark Registry, you can use the ® symbol. This means that any violation will mean that the injured party can resort to legal remedies prescribed by law and demand compensation from the violator.

It is important to remember that you cannot use the ® symbol for an unregistered trademark. In particular, you cannot use the ® symbol in your trademark until it is registered. You can use only the TM symbol for an unregistered trademark.

It is regulated by common practice worldwide. Despite on it is not regulated by law in Ukraine. It's the right of the trademark owner but not the obligation.



In some countries, if a work was created by an employee within the scope of his/her employment, then the employer automatically owns the copyright, unless otherwise agreed. But this is not always the case. 

Under the copyright law of some other countries, the transfer of rights to the employer may not be automatic and/or may have to be specified in the employment contract. 

We have two different cases for you.

For example, computer programmer is employed by a company. As part of his job, he makes video games, during normal working hours and using the equipment provided by the company. The economic rights over the software will, in most countries, belong to the company.

Another example, journalist writes feature articles for the newspaper where she is employed. In most countries, the employer will own the right to publish the articles in the newspaper, even without an explicit agreement to that effect in the employment contract. In some countries, however, the journalist will preserve the right to publish a later compilation of the articles in a book, unless the employment contract stipulates expressly otherwise. Disputes often arise in the event an employee does some work at home or after hours, or produces work not within the scope of the employee's ordinary employment. 

  • It is a good practice, as a precautionary measure, to have employees sign a written agreement that clearly addresses all the relevant copyright issues before commencement of any work.



Сьогодні, 04 липня 2019 року, о 15.00 на хвилі Емігрантського радіо відбудеться пряма трансляція з патентним повіреним, керуючим партнером Юридичної Консалтингової Групи "Яремчук та партнери" Оленою Яремчук на тему "Як здійснити реєстрацію авторських прав, знаків для торів та послуг".

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- у відео та аудіотрансляціях ефірів на сайті: www.emradio.com.ua;
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ТОВ «Юридична консалтингова група «Яремчук та Партнери» надає послуги з реєстрації суб’єктів господарської діяльності. Значна кількість зареєстрованих юристами нашої компанії господарюючих суб’єктів являються саме іноземними підприємствами або ж підприємствами з іноземними інвестиціями,